Links to posts on the sociology of education for A Level Sociology, including perspectives on education Functionalism, Marxism etc. These posts are either medium form like a text book section or revision notes form, sometimes both! The second section includes links to my assessment posts — either essay plans, 10 mark questions or general exam advice relevant here to the sociology of education. Sociology A-level scheme of work AQA education. Education and schools in the United Kingdom — Key Statistics — an overview of some of the most basic statistics on the UK education system, including the number of schools, school types, pupils and teachers, along with some comments on the validity of such statistics.
9) Ethnic groups differences in achievement in education
The Sociology of Race and Ethnicity Essay - Words
An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of traditions, ancestry, language, history, society, culture, nation, religion or social treatment within their residing area. Ethnicity can be an inherited status or based on the society within which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style , art or physical appearance. Ethnic groups often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool. By way of language shift , acculturation , adoption and religious conversion , individuals or groups may over time shift from one ethnic group to another. Ethnic groups may be subdivided into subgroups or tribes , which over time may become separate ethnic groups themselves due to endogamy or physical isolation from the parent group. Conversely, formerly separate ethnicities can merge to form a pan-ethnicity and may eventually merge into one single ethnicity.
Race And Ethnicity In Sociology
Education is the social institution through which a society teaches its members the skills, knowledge, norms, and values they need to learn to become good, productive members of their society. As this definition makes clear, education is an important part of socialization. Education is both formal and informal. Formal education is often referred to as schooling , and as this term implies, it occurs in schools under teachers, principals, and other specially trained professionals.
The American sociologist Talcott Parsons outlined what is commonly accepted as the Functionalist view of education as it relates to modern societies in the late s. Parsons argued that, after primary socialisation within the family, the school takes over as the focal socializing-agency: school acts as a bridge between family and society as a whole, preparing children for their adult roles in society. Within the family, the child is judged by particularistic standards. Parents treat the child as their own, unique, special child, rather than judging him or her by universal standards that are applied to every individual. However, in the wider society the individual is treated and judged in terms of universalistic standards, which are applied to all members, regardless of their kinship ties.