Water Policy 1 April ; 21 2 : — The Ganges Water Sharing Treaty was an important breakthrough in solving disputes over sharing Ganges water between India and Bangladesh. This study evaluates cooperation reflected in the Treaty by performing a quantitative analysis on available water sharing data. The provision of guaranteed minimal flow alternately to India and Bangladesh during critical periods leads to frequent occurrences of low-flow events. Results indicated that the Treaty underestimated the impact of climate variability and possibly increasing upstream water abstraction. It is advised to project the reliable water availability using a combination of modelling and improved observation of river flows.
The Global Social and Economic Consequences of Mountain Cryospheric Change
Chapter 5 : Food Security — Special Report on Climate Change and Land
Depleted and degraded transboundary water supplies have the potential to cause social unrest and spark conflict among countries. A main objective of the U. Government Global Water Strategy GWS is to promote cooperation on shared—or transboundary—waters and to diffuse potential conflicts over water between countries. Government works to prevent transboundary water conflict and to improve the management of water resources in shared river basins by promoting the development of agreements and other approaches that support the cooperative management of shared water resources that are critical to the health and livelihoods of millions of people, and to the economies of many nations.
Water is that issue. The World Bank has initiated the Cooperation in International Waters in Africa CIWA project to guide African nations seeking to address the limitations that competition for international waters imposes on their capacity for growth and development. This region is of special interest for two reasons: The first is the high degree of water resource interdependence between these countries, and the second is the historically high rate of armed conflict among them, within and across borders. Some observers have hypothesized that a causal relationship may exist between water resource interdependence and conflict. In this post, I assess the plausibility of this claim and discuss the potential for water-related aid projects to reduce conflict by alleviating the tensions stemming from the competition for shared water resources.
Depleted and degraded transboundary water supplies have the potential to cause social unrest and spark conflict within and between countries. To deal with the impacts of climate change combined with the demands of increasing populations and economic growth requires a supranational, integrated approach to transboundary water resource management based on legal and institutional frameworks and shared benefits and costs. There are approximately transboundary aquifers, helping to serve the 2 billion people who depend on groundwater.